Gurdwara mattan is a Gurdwara built in the memory of Guru Nanak. Situated at a distance of 60 km from the capital city, Srinagar, this is a highly revered place here. The Gurudwara is built on the site of ruined temples and is one of the most popular sacred places in Kashmir, where apart from Sikh devotees Brahmins also pay homage.

Large numbers of devotees visit this shrine in the summer season. It may be recalled that, years later, in 1675 A.D. a group of Kashmiri Brahmins of Mattan visited Anandpur Sahib to narrate their tale of woe to Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was deeply moved by their plight. For some time he was completely absorbed in thought and a long unbroken silence descended upon the entire audience.

Tradition has it that at this critical moment the young Sahibzada Gobind Rai, by chance entered the audience hall from outside. He enquired of his father the cause of the strange silence. The ninth Guru informed him about the grave situation that had arisen in the country in the wake of the religious persecution of Hindus by the Mughal rulers and remarked that only the supreme sacrifice of a great Holy man could save the doomed Pandits. Forthwith the young Prince replied, ‘there could be no greater Holy man to accomplish this task than you my father’. This brave remark of young Gobind Rai startled all in the room and settled the issue in the mind of the great Guru.

Gaining a pledge from the Pandits to convert willingly to Islam if Aurangzeb could suceed in converting him, Guru Tegh Bahadur left for Delhi with several companions only after sending his challenge forward to the Emperor’s officials. When Aurangzeb learned of the Guru’s intentions he was furious and ordered his royal troops to arrest the Guru and his companions at once and bring them to Delhi in chains on public display. Nothing the Emperor could do or offer the Guru and his brave companions could sway the Guru from his promise and his religion. After having each of the Guru’s companions were executed in the most cruel ways in front of their earthly Master, Guruji made the supreme sacrifice on November 11, 1675 in Chandni Chowk, for the cause of truth, dharma and the freedom of those of another faith to practise their religion in their own way.